September 17, 1864. Dharmapala born Don David Hewavitarne.
Dharmapala’s education begins at Colombo Girls’ Infant School; he then studies under Harmanis gurunanse in a Sinhala-language school.
At age four he is fostered out to his mother Mallika’s brother (S. P. D. Gunawardana) and wife and remains there for some two years. In the same year, his right leg is permanently injured, preventing him from later joining the Buddhist monkhood.
Attends Pettah Catholic School, later named St. Mary’s.
Attends Baptist Sinhala School.
Dharmapala’s father has him try out the brahmacarya role at temple for one day and advises him to be content with whatever he gets to eat and to sleep very little.
Hewavitarne family moves from Pettah to Kotahena.
Dharmapala attends St. Benedict’s College.
November 1875. Theosophical Society established in New York City.
July 9, 1876. Harischandra Valisinha born in Hunupitiya, Negombo.
Dharmapala attends and boards at CMS Boys’ English School in Kotte.
Migettuvatte Gunananda tells Dharmapala that a Russian lady and an American gentleman have established the Theosophical Society in New York City. Dharmapala reads first number of the Theosophist.
Dharmapala attends St. Thomas Collegiate Institute, North Colombo. Removed by father after Catholic attack on Buddhists at St. Lucia and remains out of school for nine months, attending meetings of the Liberal Association and Salvation Army. Attends Royal College. Returns as a student to St. Thomas Collegiate Institute.
September 1879. Olcott and Blavatsky move to Bombay and establish the Theosophical Society in India.
May 1880. Olcott and Blavatsky make first trip to Lanka. In Colombo Dharmapala walks to lecture and stays after with father and uncle to meet the visitors.
May 22, 1880. Ceylon Theosophical Society established.
June 17, 1880. Colombo Theosophical Society established, later renamed the Buddhist Theosophical Society.
After leaving school, Dharmapala spends some eight months borrowing books from the Pettah library. In November November 1882 he reads an article in the Theosophist, “Chelas and Lay Chelas,” and Sinnett’s Occult World and resolves to join the Himalayan School of Adepts, hoping to gain admission as a chela of Koot Hoomi. Dharmapala reads passage in Light of Asia that convinces him to take up life of renunciation.
Kotahena riots: Christians attack Buddhists. Dharmapala reads an English-language vegetarian cookbook and becomes a vegetarian, and sends a letter via Blavatsky to Koot Hoomi.
January 1884. Olcott returns to Colombo to file suit against the Christians for their attack on the Buddhist procession.
February 1884. Dharmapala joins Theosophical Society, “accepting the principles of Chelaship.”
December 1884. Dharmapala makes first foreign trip to South India, traveling with Blavatsky, Hartman, Abrew, Leadbeater, and the Cooper-Oakleys to the annual convention of the Theosophical Society.
Dharmapala works at the Department of Public Instruction.
April 1885. When Blavatsky is forced to leave India because of scandal, her ship docks at Colombo, and Dharmapala visits her on board, seeing her for the last time.
1885 November 1885. Dharmapala leaves home to take up a life of renunciation.
December 1885. Sir Edwin Arnold visits Bodh Gaya.
1886 February 1886. Olcott and Leadbeater arrive in Colombo to collect funds for the Buddhist Educational Fund. Dharmapala publishes article in the Ceylon Observer, relating Edwin Arnold’s reception in Colombo. Arnold takes up the Bodh Gaya question with Valigama Sri Sumangala, urging Buddhists to petition the Indian government for the restoration of Bodh Gaya to the control of Buddhist monks.
March 1886. Government Gazette publishes news that Dharmapala has passed the public administration exam.
March 1886. Dharmapala decides to make renunciation, living at the Theosophical Society headquarters. Dharmapala spends time with Olcott, translating for him on village tours and living in the “travelling cart.”
November 1, 1886. Ananda College established under the aegis of the Buddhist Theosophical Society.
December 1886. Dharmapala takes Theosophical training in Colombo and attends convention at Adyar with Abrew and bhikkhu Medhankara.
Dharmapala serves as general manager and assistant secretary of Buddhist Theosophical Society and manager of Sarasavi Sandarasa. From March 1886 until December 1890, he also serves as assistant secretary of the Buddhist Defense Committee.
Assumes the name Dharmapala, for a period of years identifying himself as Hewavitarne Dharmapala.
Dharmapala reads article about Japan in Fortnightly Review and resolves to visit. He soon begins corresponding with the young students of Hasshi Zansei and submits articles to their periodical.
Dharmapala conceives plan to visit Bodh Gaya in the company of the bhikkhu Medhankara, but Olcott convinces the monk that the trip is too difficult. Medhankara decides against going and soon dies.
March 8, 1887. Japanese monk Shaku Soen leaves Japan for Colombo, arriving three weeks later.
Olcott tours Bengal to strengthen Theosophical Society branches. By this time Norendronath Sen has become its major supporter.
December 1887. Dharmapala attends annual Theosophical convention in Adyar.
1888 Japanese students come to Colombo, and Dharmapala assists them.
Japanese Buddhists send Noguchi Zenshiro to Sri Lanka to invite Olcott to Japan, but he must make two trips because on the first, Olcott is abroad. Dharmapala provides him lodging.
December 1888. Noguchi travels to Adyar for the Theosophical Society annual convention, giving a speech deploring the miserable condition of Buddhism in Japan. Dharmapala travels to the conference with Leadbeater and likely makes the acquaintance of Norendronath Sen, editor of the Indian Mirror in Calcutta. Leadbeater and Dharmapala establish the Buddhist.
January 4, 1889. Dharmapala returns to Colombo.
January 8, 1889. Dharmapala writes article on India for Sandarasa.
January 18, 1889. Noguchi invites Dharmapala to accompany Olcott on trip to Japan, and the party sails from Colombo soon thereafter.
February 9, 1889. The party reaches Kobe and is received by representatives of the seven leading Buddhist sects. Sumangala’s message is read and the six-colored Buddhist flag is raised for the first time in Japan. The group is taken to a Tendai temple in Kobe, then to Kyoto for a celebration of the promulgation of the Japanese constitution.
February 10, 1889. Olcott and Dharmapala reach Kyoto, where they meet a convention of chief monks at Chion-in temple.
February 23, 1889. Dharmapala falls ill and is moved to the general hospital, convalescing for two months.
April 27, 1889. Olcott and Dharmapala address 1,500 Japanese monks at Chion-in temple.
April 29, 1889. Olcott and Dharmapala are invited to witness military parade of Honganji cadets. They also meet the Japanese prime minister, General Count Kuroda; cabinet ministers; the imperial chamberlain, Viscount Sannomiya; and the governor of Tokyo.
May12, 1889. Dharmapala gives final lecture in Osaka and sails home.
June 5, 1889. Dharmapala reaches Colombo, suffering from diarrhea.
June 18, 1889. Olcott returns to Colombo, bringing three Japanese monks, Riotayi Koisumi, Joshojee, and Tohijin Sabaya, who intend to study in Sri Lanka.
June 19, 1889. Dharmapala travels by bullock cart with Olcott to Anuradhapura.
August 6, 1889. Dharmapala sends first deposit to savings bank for Buddhist Printing Press Fund.
August 7, 1889. Along with others in Theosophical Society, Dharmapala begins contemplating the idea of sending five Buddhist missionary monks abroad.
Late August 1889. Dharmapala tours Eastern Province with C. F. Powell, an American Theosophist.
Dharmapala says he began the practice of rising at 2:00 a.m. in 1889, although early morning meditation started years later.
1890 December 7, 1890. Dharmapala, accompanied by Kozen Gunaratana and Tokuzawa, two Japanese, attends Theosophical convention at Adyar. Afterward the three travel north to Bodh Gaya. Dharmapala finances the trip with money from his father.
1891 January 12, 1891. Dharmapala and party leave Adyar for Bombay and onward to Sarnath.
January 18, 1891. Dharmapala and party reach Bodh Gaya.
January 22, 1891. Dharmapala pledges his life to the cause of the Maha Bodhi movement.
February 27, 1891. Dharmapala pledges to work for humanity in all of his future incarnations.
March 6, 1891. Dharmapala begins practice of early morning meditation.
March 12, 1891. Dharmapala leaves Bodh Gaya for Calcutta, where he resides with family of Neel Kamal Mukherjee. Kozen and Tokuzawa remain at Bodh Gaya.
Dharmapala travels home via Burma, lodging first with a Sinhala goldsmith and moving eventually to house of Moung Hpo Mhyin, where he spends a month.
April 1891. Dharmapala delivers first lecture on Bodh Gaya at Sule Pagoda, Rangoon.
May 8, 1891. Blavatsky dies in London.
May 1891. Sailing from Rangoon, Dharmapala stops at Adyar and encounters Kozen Gunaratana, who has left Bodh Gaya. Once in Colombo, he establishes the Maha Bodhi Society (May 31). He writes that the objectives of the society are “to revive Buddhism in India, to disseminate Pali Buddhist Literature, to publish Buddhist tracts in the Indian vernaculars, to educate the illiterate millions of Indian people in scientific industrialism, to maintain teachers and bhikkhus at Buddha-Gaya, Benares, Kusinara, Savatthi, Madras, Calcutta, &c . . . to build Schools, Dharmasalas [almshalls] at these places, and to send Buddhist missionaries abroad.” Journal of the Maha Bodhi Society 15 (1907).
July 1891. Dharmapala returns to India, characterizing his settling in Calcutta as establishing the Buddhist sasana in Bengal. He resides at Holy House with the Mukherjee family from July 1891 to 1892.
July 21, 1891. Dharmapala returns to Sri Lanka, recruits monks to replace Kozen, and escorts four bhikkhus back to Bodh Gaya. August 31, 1891. Dharmapala leaves Bodh Gaya for Calcutta.
September 1891. Dharmapala establishes a branch of the Maha Bodhi Society in Calcutta. He continues to live with the Mukherjee family on Baniapukur Lane and becomes friendly with Neel Kamal, his son, Nirodanath, and grandson Naranath. Their home serves as temporary headquarters of the Maha Bodhi Society until Dharmapala relocates to 2 Creek Row in
October 1892, sharing space with the Theosophical Society.
October 1891. Dharmapala returns to Bodh Gaya and begins small building project to provide kitchen for resident monks.
October 25, 1891. Dharmapala gives his first lecture in India, on the kinship of Hinduism and Buddhism, at Albert Hall, Calcutta, under the chairmanship of Norendronath Sen.
November 1, 1891. Sir Charles Eliot, lieutenant governor of Bengal, visits Bodh Gaya.
November 11, 1891. Dharmapala takes train to Calcutta.
December 1, 1891. Dharmapala sails to Colombo, arriving December 6.
December 8, 1891. Dharmapala approaches bhikkhu Heyiyantuduve Devamitta to get his copy of Gihi Vinaya translated.
December 22, 1891. Dharmapala sails to Adyar for annual Theosophical convention.
December 1891. The Bodh Gaya mahant dies.
1892 June 14, 1892. Dharmapala travels to Darjeeling, where he meets with Tibetan lamas.
October 1892. Dharmapala visits Akyab with Olcott and establishes the Akyab Maha Bodhi Society.
October 31, 1892. International Buddhist conference at Bodh Gaya unanimously passes resolution that Bodh Gaya should be handed over to Buddhists.
November 1892. Dharmapala launches the Journal of the Maha Bodhi Society and the United Buddhist World. He has five hundred copies printed for English-speaking Buddhists and Europeans.
Sir Edwin Arnold in Tokyo addresses some 250 Buddhist monks at one of the principal Buddhist temples, telling them of the need to recover sacred Buddhist places in India. With Sarat Chandra Das, Dharmapala establishes Buddhist Text Society.
January 12, 1893. Olcott arrives in Calcutta with Japanese representative of Honganji, T. Kawakami, who intends to study Sanskrit.
February 1893. Dharmapala visits Sarnath with Olcott and enters into negotiations with commissioner of Benares to restore site. He also negotiates to buy three bighas of land. Olcott advises him to quit Bodh Gaya and concentrate on Sarnath.
February 1893. The new mahant’s men set upon monks at Bodh Gaya.
June 1893. J. H. Barrows invites Dharmapala to the World’s Parliament of Religions as representative of Theravada Buddhism.
June 1893. Dharmapala visits Rangoon. July 1893. Dharmapala leaves Colombo in July, spends week with Sir Edwin Arnold in London, moving to headquarters of Theosophical Society at suggestion of Annie Besant, and then sails to New York City with her. While in England Dharmapala gives Rhys-Davids a copy of the manual on dhyana meditation he found in Teldeniya, and Rhys-Davids translates it as Manual of a Mystic.
August 26, 1893. Dharmapala departs Southampton on City of Paris, arriving in New York City on September 2, 1893.
September 11–27, 1893. Dharmapala participates in World’s Parliament of Religions, Chicago.
September 24, 1893. In Chicago Dharmapala makes his first Buddhist convert, admitting C. T. Strauss as an upasaka by administering pansil to him.
October 1, 1893. Dharmapala begins trip home, traveling by train to San Francisco.
October 6, 1893. In California Dharmapala takes train to Santa Cruz to meet Philangi Dasa, an early convert to Buddhism.
October 10, 1893. Dharmapala sails to Japan from San Francisco.
October 18, 1893. In Honolulu harbor Dharmapala meets local party of Theosophists, including Mary Foster and possibly Countess Canavarro, who come on shipboard.
October 31, 1893. Dharmapala arrives at Yokohama and gives first lecture on Buddhism.
November 1893. Dharmapala’s second visit to Japan. Received by secretary of the Indo-Busseki-Kofuku-Kai.
November 15, 1893. Dharmapala delivers lecture to “Tokio public,” at Shiba park in Tokyo on the similarities between Northern and Southern Buddhism and urging the restoration of Bodh Gaya and soliciting support.
November 15 or 16, 1893. Dharmapala gives lecture on the water damage and rescue project for Okayama and eight other prefectures, Kinkikan Hall, and Jiseikan Hall in Shiba.
November 24, 1893. Dharmapala receives Buddha image from Asahi San en route to Bodh Gaya.
December 4, 1893. Dharmapala begins tour of Japan by taking train to Kanogawa.
November 15, 1893–December 15, 1893. Dharmapala lectures widely in Japan on Buddhist sacred places but fails to raise appreciable support.
December 15, 1893. Dharmapala leaves Japan on Yokohama Maru.
December 19, 1893. Dharmapala arrives at Shanghai, delivering lecture translated by Rev. Eakins and Dr. Franks. He again fails to raise the monetary support he expected.
January 2, 1894. Dharmapala arrives at Hong Kong and departs on January 4.
January 9, 1894. Dharmapala arrives at Singapore and departs on January 13 for Bangkok.
February 1894. While a guest of Prince Rajsaki in Bangkok, Dharmapala establishes a branch of the Maha Bodhi Society with help of Prince Vivit and other princes, again failing to raise funds for Bodh Gaya project.
February 12, 1894. Dharmapala leaves for Singapore via SS Gorgon, sailing from Singapore on February 21, arriving in Colombo on February 27. In Colombo he is greeted by elephants, drums, and a procession and begins to receive pledges from wealthy Buddhists toward the purchase of the Maha Bodhi village at Bodh Gaya.
March 14, 1894. Dharmapala establishes offices of Maha Bodhi Society in Colombo at 61 Maliban Street.
March 26, 1894. Dharmapala returns to India, escorting bhikkhu Saddhananda to Bodh Gaya, stopping at Adyar en route.
August 8, 1894. Dharmapala returns to Colombo with Nirodanath Mukherjee, arriving
August 13. Late August–September 1894. Dharmapala lectures along south coast, trying to raise subscriptions for Bodh Gaya projects.
September 1894. Dharmapala establishes the Bodh Gaya Fund.
September or October 1894. Dharmapala convenes senior monks and laymen and lectures them about the deplorable state to which Bodh Gaya has fallen.
October 1894. Accompanied by G. P. Weerasekera, Dharmapala goes on lecture tour to Kalutara, Kosgoda, Welitara, Balapitiya, Ambalangoda, and several other places. He lectures in villages between Galle and Weligama, returning to Colombo, leaving for Kurunegala on the October 9, and lecturing at Malagomuwa on October 11, at Balalla on October 15, at Variapola on October 17, at Naramwala on October 19, and at Giriula on October 21.
Dharmapala’s father advises him by letter to follow the bodhisattva path.
February 1895. Dharmapala installs Japanese Buddha at Bodh Gaya in Maha Bodhi temple, and confrontation with mahant’s supporters follows. Government removes image, and litigation begins. The Burmese resthouse is placed at the disposal of the Maha Bodhi Society, and the Japanese image moves there.
February 1895. Dharmapala files case against mahant’s men for disturbing worship.
May 1895. The Calcutta High Court upholds the mahant’s appeal against a sentence imposed by a lower court for interfering with Buddhist worship at Bodh Gaya.
December 1895. Mallika Hewavitarne leads first group pilgrimage to Bodh Gaya of modern times. The party of Sinhala Buddhists comes ashore at Chennai and meets Olcott. 1896 Olcott and Annie Besant advise Dharmapala not to purchase land at Bodh Gaya. Dharmapala begins to act independently of Olcott, leading him to resign from the Maha Bodhi Society. Dharmapala says that Olcott deserted him in May 1896.
May 1896. Dharmapala initiates first Vesak celebration in Calcutta.
June 6, 1896. Dharmapala gives lecture “Life of Buddha” at Albert Hall, followed by another a week later, “The Fundamental Teachings of the Buddha.”
June 1896. Dharmapala receives invitation from Paul Carus to visit the United States; Carus also provides small stipend to purchase steamer ticket.
July 21, 1896. Dharmapala returns to Colombo en route to United States. July 26, 1896. Dharmapala gives lecture to 1,800 people at Ananda College.
July 28, 1896. In Heneratgoda Dharmapala announces his plans for establishing a group of anagarika brahmacarya, having entertained the idea since 1891.
July 31, 1896. Olcott resigns from Maha Bodhi Society at meeting in Maligakanda.
August 4, 1896. Dharmapala makes second visit to America to preach Buddhism, planning to spend 1896–8 abroad. Between September and December, he makes trips from Chicago to Grand Rapids, Freeport, Indianapolis, Guelph, Canada, Cincinnati, Duluth, St. Cloud, Fargo, Minneapolis, and New Ulm.
August 20, 1896. Dharmapala reaches London, visiting Sir Edwin Arnold.
September 8, 1896. Dharmapala sails from Southampton and arrives in New York City on
September 15. September 19, 1896. Dharmapala takes train to Chicago. On September 24, he meets the founding president of the University of Chicago, William Rainey Harper, and visits the university’s scientific laboratories.
January 26, 1897. Dharmapala makes second midwestern tour, visiting Toledo, Dayton, Columbus, Geneseo, Davenport, Iowa City, and Des Moines.
February 20, 1897. Dharmapala departs Chicago, arriving in San Francisco by train on
February 24. March 6, 1897. Dharmapala meets Countess Canavarro, and she begins plans for a upasikarama (nunnery or training school) for Buddhist women in Colombo.
March 22, 1897. Dharmapala gives lecture to a large number of students at Stanford.
March 29, 1897. Dharmapala returns by train to Boston and moves on to New York City on April 24.
May 1897. In San Francisco Dharmapala officiates at the first Vesak celebration in the United States.
June–August 1897. Dharmapala takes up residence at a variety of chautauquas across the Northeast, including Lake Hopatcong, Lake Pleasant, and Green Acre. A local paper writes that he “has postponed a contemplated journey to Tibet to participate in the work of the Monsalvat School, thus affording a rare opportunity for the study of Buddhism.”
July 1897. Maha Bodhi Society in Calcutta establishes relief fund for Bengal famine and appeals to Buddhist countries for donations.
Late August 1897. At New Century Hall in New York City Dharmapala admits Countess Canavarro as a Buddhist upasika (lay devotee). She is his second and last convert.
September 1, 1897. Dharmapala leaves New York City for Europe.
September 8, 1897. Dharmapala arrives in Paris for Congress of Orientalists at invitation of Rhys Davids and announces his intention to go to Tibet. His father dissuades him, providing him a place to practice dhyana in Welikada, Colombo.
September 12, 1897. Following Orientalist conference, Dharmapala travels from Paris to Belgium, Berlin, Switzerland, and Rome and sails from Naples to Colombo. September 1897. Countess Canavarro arrives in Colombo for Buddhist work. Greeted by Buddhist women and Dharmapala’s mother on arrival, Canavarro manages the Sanghamitta convent for Buddhist nuns and abandons that post in 1901, leaving for Calcutta.
November 6, 1897. Harischandra Valisinha accompanies Dharmapala on a preaching tour of villages near Negombo, including Harischandra’s own, Hunupitiya.
January 1, 1898. Harischandra Valisinha becomes a brahmacarya at a meeting of the Maha Bodhi Society at Vidyodaya pirivena. The meeting is chaired by Hikkaduve Sumangala, and the consent of all members of the Maha Bodhi Society is given. January 1898. Dharmapala resumes village tours.
April 6, 1898. Dharmapala holds festival at Rajagiriya, and Harischandra assists. That night Harischandra returns to his village and gives his first public lecture, excoriating the evils of liquor.
April 20, 1898. Dharmapala sails to Calcutta, arriving April 25 and returning to Colombo June 22 via coastal steamer to Cuttack, where he visits former Buddhist sites in South India.
April 1898. Dharmapala establishes Ethico-Psychological College in Rajagiriya, but the bhikkhus are skeptical, and the project fails. Some Rajagiriya land sold, but the name survives in Rajagiriya Industrial School.
June 30, 1898. Harischandra tells Dharmapala of his hopes to join him in his work.
August–September 1898. Dharmapala makes village tour in Sri Lanka.
November 1, 1898. Dharmapala introduces Harischandra to Maha Bodhi Society as his chief follower, and by December Harischandra begins serving as assistant secretary. Dharmapala establishes a dress reform society. He also says his relationship with Olcott began to deteriorate further in 1898 because Olcott became “selfish.”
January 2, 1899. Harischandra and four other men enter Dharmapala’s order of brahmacarya.
January 6, 1899. Harischandra accompanies Countess Canavarro and Upasika Dhammadinna to Nupe, Matara, where at the house of J. Moonasingha, Dharmapala’s brother-in-law, he gives sermon.
February 5, 1899. Harischandra gives a lecture at Mirissa and makes arrangements to start a girls’ school there, giving some twenty lectures that month.
March–May 1899. Dharmapala makes fact-finding tour of North India, traveling “as a pilgrim, not caring at all for comforts. Mixing with sanyasins . . . Hindu pilgrims and with passengers in the third and intermediate classes eating at times the poorest food.”
March 2, 1899. Harischandra departs for Calcutta on mission for the Maha Bodhi Society accompanied by Countess Canavarro and Upasika Dhammadinna, spending four days in Calcutta before departing for Bodh Gaya.
September 1899. Dharmapala leaves Calcutta for Chennai, where he reestablishes a branch of the Maha Bodhi society.
October 1899. Dharmapala gives lecture in Chennai.
October 28, 1899. Harischandra appointed secretary of the Maha Bodhi Society. Dharmapala establishes Maha Bodhi Society branch at Chennai.
At Hikkaduve’s request Dharmapala travels to Bangkok to receive the Lankan share of relics given to Thais by the Indian government.
February 1901. Don Carolis gives Dharmapala Rs. 600 to buy three bighas of land at Sarnath in his mother’s name. Maharajah of Benares gives Rs. 2,000 for ten bighas.
October 1901. Lieutenant Governor Woodburn visits Bodh Gaya, where presentations are made by Maha Bodhi Society to have a dharmasala (resthouse) built. The governor sanctions the land acquisition, financed by Burmese and Lankan Maha Bodhi Societies. The resthouse becomes an alternative venue for Buddhist interests at Bodh Gaya, sheltering pilgrims and monks.
October–November 1901. Dharmapala leaves Calcutta, traveling via Punjab Mail to Hardwar and Rishikesh and returning to Benares November 2.
Norendronath Sen advises Dharmapala to return to Lanka because Olcott is working against him. Dharmapala remains in Colombo for several months, until Sen advises him to leave for Japan, which he does in 1902.
December 1901. Dharmapala leaves Calcutta and lays over in Colombo in preparation for East Asian trip.
January 1902. Count Okakura and party travel to Bodh Gaya, Nalanda, and Sarnath. In Dharmapala’s absence Okakura began to negotiate with mahant for land on which to build a resthouse for Japanese pilgrims.
April 9, 1902. Dharmapala sails to Japan en route to the United States and meets Chigaku Tanaka.
April 30, 1902. Dharmapala arrives in Kobe.
May 1902. Dharmapala leaves Japan, sailing across the Pacific to California. By September Mary Foster has become his chief supporter.
June 1902. Dharmapala’s sister dies at Aloe Avenue, Colombo.
August 1902. Dharmapala spends first month of his third trip to the United States in Los Angeles.
January 1903. Dharmapala spends month in San Francisco and pursues his new project, raising money for educational work in India.
January 15, 1903. Lord Curzon, returning from Delhi Durbar, visits Bodh Gaya while Dharmapala tours the United States.
March 14, 1903. Dharmapala represents Buddhism at Congress of Religions at Stanford.
April 27, 1903. Dharmapala departs San Francisco by train for Chicago.
June 22, 1903. Dharmapala leaves Chicago for Tuskegee Institute, where he meets Booker T. Washington and studies industrial education.
June 25, 1903. Dharmapala takes train north to Washington, DC.
June 28, 1903. Dharmapala talks to boys at Indian school in Carlisle, Pennsylvania, traveling on to East Aurora, New York, and Niagara Falls.
July 7, 1903. Dharmapala arrives in Boston and travels to Green Acre in Eliot, Maine, a week later.
August 1903. Dharmapala and Gudrun Holm pledge to be eternal companions.
October 1903. Dharmasala at Bodh Gaya completed.
January 1904. With money from Mary Foster Dharmapala establishes industrial school fund in San Francisco with Rs. 10,000.
January 20, 1904. Dharmapala departs New York City, arriving at London and visiting industrial schools in Europe.
February 10, 1904. Devapriya Valisinha born.
February17, 1904. Dharmapala visits the Netherlands.
March 4, 1904. Dharmapala departs London for Paris.
March 9, 1904. Dharmapala sails from Naples.
March 26, 1904. Dharmapala arrives at Colombo.
April 19, 1904. Dharmapala sails on to Calcutta.
May 4, 1904. Dharmapala returns to Bodh Gaya and finds dharmasala completed and Buddha image covered with turmeric.
June–July. 1904. Dharmapala establishes industrial school in Sarnath and starts to plan for the Abhisambodhi anniversary of Lord Buddha. The 2,500th anniversary will occur in 1911, and he intends a huge celebration in Calcutta.
July 7, 1904. Dharmapala opens Benares School. September 1904. Benares School fails.
September 19, 1904. Negotiations completed to buy remainder of land at Sarnath.
October 1904. Dharmapala leaves Benares for Colombo, visiting Olcott in Adyar. They have an altercation over relics.
November 1904. Dharmapala travels from Isipatana to Bodh Gaya and returns to Sarnath.
December 7, 1904. Dharmapala returns to Colombo to visit ailing father.
January 1906. Captain W. F. O’Connell and the Panchen Lama establish the Buddhist Shrine Restoration Society to recover Bodh Gaya for the Buddhists independent of the activities of the Maha Bodhi Society.
January 1906. Lord Minto visits Bodh Gaya.
February 17, 1906. Don Carolis Hewavitarne dies in Kollupitiya, having stipulated in his will that Dharmapala should spend his bequest on Buddhism. Olcott dies exactly one year later. “When I lost my beloved father in January 1906 [sic],” Dharmapala writes, “I wrote to her [Mary Foster] of the great loss I had sustained as he had been my best supporter since the day I left home in October 1885. The reply I received from Mrs. Foster was that she would help me to carry on the work and that she would be a foster parent to me.” Foster says she will show motherly affection and sends Rs. 3,000.
March 1906. Dharmapala resigns from Theosophical Society, later saying that he had been at loggerheads with Annie Besant since 1905. He reconciles with her in 1911 and rejoins the Theosophical Society in 1913. Thereafter he describes himself as “active and in sympathy with Mrs Besant” and lends her Rs. 500 in 1916.
March 1906. Dharmapala begins campaign against Theosophical Society in Colombo.
May 1906. Dharmapala establishes Sinhala Bauddhaya in Colombo as well as Maha Bodhi Press and weaving school in Rajagiriya with Mary Foster’s support.
July 29, 1906. Dharmapala makes lecture tour by cart to Southern Province and buys land in Hiniduma with an eye to establishing an industrial arts school. “The Anagarika left Colombo on a preaching tour. He will proceed on to the extreme limits of the Southern Province and thence to Badulla, enroute to Kandy. Thence he shall go to Kegalle district, returning to Colombo via Ratnapure. He has lectured since at Bambalapitiya, Wellawatta, Dehiwela, Desastara Kalutara, Kalutara South, Kalamulla, Payagala, Maggona, Alutgama, Bentota. He travels in a cart drawn by a pair of bulls, which is useful in manifold ways. The former he uses to exhibit views of the sacred places in India, Burma, Ceylon and Japan. He expounds the Doctrine of the Buddha, talks about his travels to Europe, American, Japan, Burma, and ends by an appeal which stirs the hearts of the audience for greater activity.” Journal of the Maha Bodhi Society (1906): 126.
September 1906. “The Anagarika is still touring in the Southern Province. On the 19th instant he was at Baddegama, the strong hold of the Church Missionary Society.” Journal of the Maha Bodhi Society (1906): 126.
October 20, 1906. Dharmapala visits Hiniduma with Harischandra and makes plans to return to Calcutta with his mother on pilgrimage to Bodh Gaya.
October 1906. Governor Woodburne visits Bodh Gaya sanctioning the dharmasala.
November 1906. Dharmapala condemns Olcott at Kandy meeting for insulting the Tooth Relic and then sails to Tuticorin, and on to Calcutta. His mother accompanies him, making another pilgrimage to Bodh Gaya.
February 17, 1907. Olcott dies at Adyar.
May 1907. Mahant files the Burmese resthouse case, seeking removal of the Japanese image.
August 1907. “The Anagarika Dharmapala: ‘This gentleman is still in India, busily engaged in matters concerning the case about the Burmese Monastery at Buddha Gaya. His present address is No. 2, Creek Row, Calcutta.” Journal of the Maha Bodhi Society (1907): 124.
October 15–18, 1907. Dharmapala sails to Burma with Nanda Kishore Lall, his attorney, to gather evidence at Burmese court in Mandalay for Bodh Gaya resthouse case. They take train north to Mandalay on October 19.
October 1907. Neel Kamal Mukherjee, original treasurer of the Maha Bodhi Society in Calcutta and Dharmapala’s host in Calcutta, dies.
January 1908. Dharmapala returns to residence in Calcutta.
July 1908. With funds provided by Mary Foster, Dharmapala purchases a house on Baniapukker Street, Calcutta, for Rs. 15,000, as well as a printing press.
May 14, 1909. Dharmapala leaves Calcutta by train for Tuticorin, arriving in Colombo on May 21, 1909, after two and a half years in India.
June 4, 1909. Dharmapala makes pilgrimage to Anuradhapura.
June 15, 1909. Dharmapala delivers three lectures at Saraswati Hall, Colombo.
October 13–24, 1909. Dharmapala makes village tour in south, concentrating on area around Hiniduma.
November 1909. Dharmapala leaves Colombo for Calcutta on the Purnaa, traveling first class.
Dharmapala resides in Calcutta from 1910 to early 1911 and gives regular Sunday addresses at Maha Bodhi Society.
February 1910. Japanese image ordered removed from Bodh Gaya, and Buddhists install it at Maha Bodhi headquarters in Calcutta. Having lost foothold at Bodh Gaya, Dharmapala decides to turn his attention homeward, where he hopes to “wake up” the Sinhala people.
Dharmapala travels to Colombo, going by train to Tuticorin and thence by steamer, arriving February 18, 1911.
March 15, 1911. Dharmapala takes train to Anuradhapura.
April 18, 1911. Dharmapala returns to India via Tuticorin.
April 1911. Hikkaduve Sumangala dies in Colombo.
June 29, 1911. Dharmapala takes train to Chennai from Calcutta.
July 10, 1911. Dharmapala arrives in Colombo and soon begins writing weekly article for the Sinhala Bauddhaya. He criticizes indolent monks, leading to controversy with D. J. Subasinghe in the pages of the Sandarasa.
December 2, 1911. Dharmapala delivers sermon in Udugama, traveling in a cart drawn by two bulls, and speaking with a gramophone. Where there are no motorable roads, he walks or travels by catamaran.
December 12, 1911. Partition of Bengal modified via announcement made by the king at Delhi.
December 1911. Norendronath Sen dies.
January 1912. In Colombo, Dharmapala begins writing “Things that one should know” column in Sinhala Bauddhaya and criticizes indolent bhikkhus, resulting in controversy with D. J. Subasinghe writing in Sandarasa.
January 1912. Dharmapala establishes the Ceylonese Nation, a weekly newspaper in commemoration of the Delhi coronation of George V, providing Buddhists with a vehicle to express grievances to British authorities in English.
April 21, 1912. Dharmapala returns to Calcutta from Colombo.
May 6, 1912. Dharmapala returns to Colombo via Madras Mail from Calcutta.
May 1912–February 1913. Dharmapala works in Lanka.
June 1912. Dharmapala purchases a lorry to conduct temperance and anti–meat eating campaign in island.
January 17, 1913. Simon Hewavitarne dies in Kollupitiya.
February 19, 1913. Dharmapala makes quick visit to Calcutta.
March 18, 1913. Dharmapala returns by train from Calcutta to Tuticorin.
April 9, 1913. Dharmapala departs Colombo for Japan.
April 29, 1913. Dharmapala arrives at Kobe. Japanese papers, including the Japan Chronicle, credit him with the following statement: “Indian resources are being fully developed under the British administration. The British profit in India can never be smaller than two million. So Indian wealth brings happiness to Englishmen but not to the Indians. Most of the Indians are poor and ignorant. In short, they are miserable both spiritually and materially.” While in Japan Dharmapala is rebuffed by Count Otani, meets Sakurai Yoshikazu, and receives treatment for ear trouble.
May 5, 1913. Dharmapala is interviewed by Hochi, Yamato Maiyu, Jiji, and Asahi newspapers.
May 7, 1913. Dharmapala attends party thrown by Indian revolutionary A. H. Mohammad Barakatullah.
May 9, 1913. Dharmapala is interviewed by Ikkatsu magazine.
May 10, 1913. Dharmapala departs for Hawaii on Shinzo Maru, meeting Mary Foster in June. She makes a donation of Rs. 50,000 for the maintenance of a hospital and convalescent home in Colombo named in honor of Dharmapala’s mother.
May 24, 1913. Mary Foster sells water rights to Oahu Sugar Company for $40,000 a year.
June 10, 1913. Dharmapala sails back from Honolulu, reaching Yokohama on June 21.
July 9, 1913. Dharmapala visits girls’ high school in Japan.
August 1913. Dharmapala visits Korea, arriving in Pusan on August 18, giving lecture in Seoul, and presenting relic to Korean sangha. “A letter has been received by us dated 25th August from Mukden, in which the Anagarika says that he spent three days at Seoul . . . where he addressed a distinguished assembly including the Ex-Empress. He has presented a Buddha relic, which he had with him to the Korean Sangha who has promised to build a new temple to enshrine it. From Mukden he will visit Port Arthur and Dairen and will visit Peking, Nangking, and Shanghai and will reach Singapore about the end of September. Unless the news of the death of the Brahmacari alters his plans he will visit the Buddhist ruins of Boro Budoor in Java and reach Ceylon about the end of October.” Journal of the Maha Bodhi Society (1913): 199.
September 5, 1913. Dharmapala gives lecture in China, “The Danger of ‘White Peril,’” drawing interest of British intelligence.
September 13, 1913. Harischandra Valisinha dies, which Dharmapala learns only when he reaches Singapore on return trip home.
September 18, 1913. Dharmapala gives lecture in Shanghai, “The Social Gospel of the Buddha.”
September 20, 1913. Dharmapala departs Shanghai on Iyo Maru, visiting Singapore and Borobudur before returning to Colombo in October.
January 1914. Dharmapala establishes Mallika Santhagaraya, or the Foster Free Dispensary and Hospital, in house on Darley Lane donated by his father.
April or May 1914. Dharmapala departs Colombo for Calcutta, celebrating Vesak in on May 8 and traveling on to Chittagong on May 15.
June 1914. Dharmapala’s mother warns him not to return to Colombo, and he remains in Calcutta through internment.
Dharmapala lectures at Bengal Social Service League and invites Kalidas Nag to stand in for the retiring F. L. Woodward at Mahinda College. Dharmapala registers the Maha Bodhi Society in Calcutta in order to distance it from its Colombo headquarters.
May 1915. Riots in Lanka. Buddhists assault Muslims. Dharmapala moves Maha Bodhi College to the Foster Hospital. J
une 9, 1915. Police raid Dharmapala’s quarters at Baniapukker Lane.
July 1915. Dharmapala purchases property at 4 College Square, Calcutta, to build a vihara, saying this is a dream he had first had in 1909. He also receives word from the government of India of its willingness to present a Buddha relic for the temple.
August 1915. Dharmapala vacates Baniapukker Lane and moves to College Square.
November 19, 1915. Imprisoned after the Lankan riots, Dharmapala’s brother Edmund dies in Jaffna prison.
March 28–early April 1916. Dharmapala travels to Rawalpindi and Saraikala, where he discusses disposition of Taxila relics with Sir John Marshall.
June 28, 1916. Government of Bengal, acting on instructions from government of Lanka, interns Dharmapala in Calcutta. Internment lasts until December 1917.
November 16, 1916. Naranath Mukherjee dies in Calcutta.
January 1917. Dharmapala’s mother and her party make pilgrimage to Bodh Gaya. While in Calcutta she visits Dharmapala and leaves Devapriya as his ward and assistant.
February 1917. Dharmapala writes to governor of Lanka offering his services.
December 13, 1917. Dharmapala is officially released from internment.
January 1918. Dharmapala’s mother visits him in Calcutta again on pilgrimage.
April 1, 1918. Dharmapala returns to Baniapukker Lane residence, having lived in College Square residence two years, eight months.
November 28, 1918. Nanda Kishore Lall, Dharmapala’s attorney, dies in Patna.
July 1918. Dharmapala starts work on vihara at College Square. Foundation stone laid December 6, 1918.
November 1919. Dharmapala receives $50,000 bond from Mary Foster, using the interest from that contribution to cover expenses for the Maha Bodhi Society.
March 16, 1920. Dharmapala takes train from Calcutta to Tuticorin and continues by ferry to Colombo.
April 6, 1920. Dharmapala takes ferry to Talaimannar on way back to Calcutta.
November 1920. Dharmarajika caitya opens with visit of Lord Ronaldshay, governor of Bengal. Asutosh Mukherjee and Annie Besant walk with Dharmapala to Government House, followed by procession of Burmese, Sinhala, Chinese, Japanese, and Indian Buddhist monks and a concourse of some two thousand people. Ronaldshay hands over relics in a crystal casket to Mukherjee and Dharmapala.
April 1921. Dharmapala takes train from Calcutta to Colombo to recruit ten Buddhist missionaries.
May 8, 1921. Dharmapala departs Colombo with one monk, two samaneras, and two boys.
July 1922. Dharmapala restarts Sinhala Bauddhaya, which had been suspended by order of the government of Lanka in 1915.
September 1922. Dharmapala completes Dharmarajika vihara residence for monks.
November 1922. Foundation stone for vihara at Sarnath laid by the governor of Uttar Pradesh, Sir Harcourt Butler.
December 5, 1922. Dharmapala returns to Lanka, leaving Calcutta via train. Six days later he returns to India.
January 15, 1923. Dharmapala visits Madurai en route to Calcutta.
April 1923. Having returned to India, Dharmapala sojourns at Sarnath.
July–September 1923. Dharmapala makes extended tour of Patna, Benares, Punjab, and Kashmir.
July 1923. Dharmapala establishes the Mary Foster Permanent Fund with capital of $150,000.
August 18, 1923. Dharmapala attends the Hindu Maha Sabha at Benares by request of the president, Pandit Madan Mohan Malaviya.
November 1923. Dharmapala leaves Calcutta for Chennai and Lanka, returning February
1924 January 18, 1924. Dharmapala purchases property in Kandy, which he intends to use as the Foster seminary for training monks for missionary work.
April 9, 1924. Dharmapala travels to Sarnath with Alma Senda.
August 30, 1924. Dharmapala leaves Calcutta for Lanka to recover his health.
November–December 1924. Dharmapala returns to Kandy to work on plans for seminary.
December 1924. Dharmapala is injured in auto accident at Kospillewa, en route to Colombo. He remains bedridden for a fortnight.
January 1925. Dharmapala says he will offer Foster seminary to the Tooth Relic.
February–early March 1925. Dharmapala makes lecture tour of Southern Province.
March 4, 1925. Dharmapala departs Colombo via train for Calcutta.
March. 26, 1925. Dharmapala in Sarnath.
April 3, 1925. Dharmapala in Patna.
May 20, 1925. Dharmapala takes train from Calcutta to Bombay and thence to Madras.
“The Anagarika Dharmapala left from Calcutta on the 20th of last month [May] for Colombo and on the 4th instant he is expected to leave Colombo for Europe. He hopes to spend two months in some German sanitarium and return to India to carry on the work of building the Vihara and the College, so dear to his heart at the holy spot, where the Lord Buddha promulgated the universal religion of Love and Truth.” Journal of the Maha Bodhi Society 33 (1925): 228.
June 18, 1925. Dharmapala leaves Colombo for Marseilles on Japanese steamer, traveling with Raja Hewavitarne.
July 1925. Steamer arrives in Marseilles. Dharmapala and Raja take train to Zurich. In sanitarium at Kuranstadt near Lucerne, Dharmapala has operation and spends seven weeks convalescing.
July 1925. While in Switzerland, Dharmapala makes resolution to take up work in England, hoping to establish a Buddhist mission.
July 1925. In Switzerland Dharmapala sends letter to Christmas Humphreys, pointing out that “he was a member of the Blavatsky Assn and was quite sure that there would be many English Theosophists willing to receive the Buddha Dhamma at his hands.” Journal of the Maha Bodhi Society (1946): 76.
September 1925. Dharmapala takes train to Berlin and stays at Buddhisches Haus in Frohnau.
September 27, 1925. Dharmapala arrives in England and makes first appearance at Buddhist Lodge of the Theosophical Society in Bedford Square. He tells a Morning Post representative before the proceedings that he intends to devote two years of his life to spreading the doctrines of Buddha in England and teaching his gospel of love. He wears a long orange-colored robe with sandals of the same color. Some forty members and friends gather at 23 Bedford Square to hear his talk.
October 4, 1925. Dharmapala leaves London for San Francisco to felicitate Mary Foster. He reaches New York City on October 13 and travels by train to San Francisco to meet Foster, who has taken up residence with her sister.
October 16, 1925. Dharmapala arrives in Chicago, gives two lectures, travels west, giving talks at Theosophical lodges in Salt Lake City (twice), Reno, and Sacramento. Dharmapala says that he was misused by Dr. Velar van Hook, who accompanied him and forced him to give lectures.
November 1925. Dharmapala is hospitalized at St. Luke’s Hospital in San Francisco, where he writes letter to Sir John Marshall regarding his complaints against the Archeological Department’s handling of restoration at Sarnath.
November 6, 1925. Dharmapala lectures in San Francisco.
November 20, 1925. Mary Foster accompanies Dharmapala to Oakland, where he catches a train eastward.
Late November 1925. In New York City Dharmapala gives lecture on Buddhism at Town Hall, supported by local Sinhala restaurateur K. Y. Kira.
November 29, 1925. Dharmapala departs New York City, arriving in London on December 10.
The Archeological Department stops construction on Sarnath vihara. Dr. Hewavitarne, Raja Hewavitarne, and Devapriya Valisinha go to Taxila to petition Sir John Marshall. The dispute is resolved when the government agrees to bear the cost of foundation construction and provide suitable land for the vihara that Dharmapala intends to build.
March 9, 1926. Dharmapala makes trip with Daya Hewavitarne and others to unmarked grave of Allen Bennett (Ven. Ananda Metteyya) in London cemetery.
March 22, 1926. Dharmapala has hemorrhage and is cared for by Professor D. M. Z. Wickremasinghe and his wife, Vera. Because of sickness, he cancels plans to sail to Colombo in May. May 1926. Dharmapala establishes the London Buddhist vihara, first at Ealing in a house he buys with £2,000 received from the firm of Don Carolis and a personal gift from Mary Foster. He initiates the work on Vesak, the 2,470th anniversary of the Maha parinirvana and establishes the English branch of the Maha Bodhi Society in July.
August 1926. Dharmapala travels to Switzerland to visit Basil Guirkowsky.
August 1926. Dharmapala starts monthly journal the British Buddhist, writing the first number by himself.
October 20, 1926. Humphreys holds farewell meeting for Dharmapala at Ealing.
November 1, 1926. Dharmapala leaves England for Lausanne and sails home from Marseilles on November 13.
December 2, 1926. Dharmapala arrives in Colombo to raise funds for the British Buddhist mission and attends to family business regarding the disposition of Aloe Avenue property.
December 1926. A series of letters to the editor criticizing Dharmapala’s plans for the London Buddhist vihara appears in the Ceylon Daily News. Dharmapala publishes a statement defending himself in late December.
January 10, 1927. Dharmapala delivers a bitter attack on his detractors at a public meeting in Mount Lavinia.
January 22, 1927. Dharmapala hosts a meeting of monks at his family home in Kollupitiya, attacking present-day Theosophists in England and urging support of the London mission.
January 24, 1927. Ceylon Daily News publishes an editorial defending itself against charges that it has published unfounded attacks on Dharmapala and insisting that the public has every right to know more about Dharmapala’s management of funds given to him by the Buddhist public.
January 26, 1927. Dharmapala holds meeting in Kandy and attacks Ceylon Daily News for publishing charges against him.
February 14, 1927. Dharmapala addresses the annual meeting of the Maha Bodhi Society, recounting his career in India and his dealings with Mary Foster, noting that in three more years he would complete forty-five years of service. Until then he was determined to work toward building a vihara in London.
February 20, 1927. Dharmapala departs Colombo for Calcutta.
April 13, 1927. Having traveled by train from Calcutta to Bombay, Dharmapala sails for Venice.
Vesak 1927. Gandhi participates in celebrations at Dharmarajika vihara in Calcutta at invitation of Devapriya. Dharmapala meanwhile holds another celebration in London.
July 15, 1927. Dharmapala speaks at Dharmacakra celebration in London.
August 1, 1927. Dharmapala publishes article in Sinhala Bauddhaya saying he will open London vihara and appoint three monks—Paravahera Vajiranana, Hagoda Nandasara, and Matara Pannasara—to reside there.
October 3, 1927. Dharmapala returns to London and gives talk “An Appreciation of Christianity” at the City Temple.
November 13–25, 1927. Gandhi makes lecture tour of Lanka, visiting Jaffna, Kandy, and Galle.
December 7, 1927. Dharmapala leaves London to restore health in Vichy.
January 1928. Dharmapala falls ill at Marseilles. He cancels plans to return to India straightaway to pursue plans for the Mulagandhakuti vihara at Sarnath and ends up in Colombo convalescing.
February 1928. Dharmapala returns to England and sells Ealing house. He collects enough money to buy house at 41 Gloucester Road. Devapriya escorts three bhikkhus to London, and they take up residence in June.
March 1928. Dharmapala falls ill with heart trouble and returns to Colombo, while the work of the London Buddhist vihara is carried on by his nephew Daya Hewavitarne.
June 1928. Dharmapala has a serious relapse in Colombo.
Late 1928. Now confined to a wheelchair, Dharmapala plans trip to Burma but cancels because of health problems.
April 3, 1929. Dr. Charles Hewavitarne dies in an auto collision at a railway crossing.
June 1929. Dharmapala’s health deteriorates further, and by August he is on the verge of death.
October 1929. Dharmapala convalesces at Maha Bodhi headquarters in Maligakanda, having spent four weeks in Colombo General Hospital.
By late 1929 he is able to take a drive along the Colombo beach.
November 1929. Dharmapala sends two bhikkhus and eight samaneras to be educated as missionary monks at Shantiniketan, Bolpur.
January 1, 1930. Dharmapala reports that doctors want him to remain in bed for six months, but he is able to take automobile rides.
January 26–March 21, 1930. Dharmapala remains very ill, convalescing at Maligakanda seminary, writing he has been continuously sick for two years.
May–June 1930. Having moved to Sarnath, Dharmapala writes to the Maha Bodhi Society that for the first time since his illness began in February 1928 he is slowly improving, although he cannot move freely because his legs are still weak.
Mulagandhakuti vihara nears completion. Dharmapala gives the name Mulagandhakuti to the vihara after the monastery in which the Lord Buddha first resided.
Dharmapala suggests celebrating the parinirvana of Sariputta and Moggallana by Maha Bodhi Society in Lanka and India.
December 19, 1930. Mary Foster dies.
Dharmapala returns to Colombo for the last time and establishes the Anagarika Dharmapala Trust.
March 10, 1931. Borne in a chair to the steamer, Dharmapala returns to Calcutta and leaves for Sarnath two weeks later.
May 1931. Dharmapala makes plans to establish an International Buddhist Institute to train students from all parts of the Buddhist world.
July 13, 1931. Ven. Boruggamuve Rewatha robes Dharmapala as a samanera. Dharmapala takes the name Sri Devamitta Dhammapala.
August 1931. Dharmapala takes train to Calcutta to oversee the activities of the Maha Bodhi Society, gives three speeches, and returns to Sarnath on September 2.
November 11, 1931. Inauguration of the Mulagandhakuti vihara. Tagore speaks. Director general of the Archeological Department, Rai Bahadur Dayaram Sahini, representing Lord Willingdon, presents relics to Maha Bodhi Society. In evening Dharmapala addresses public meeting of a thousand, and on following day three bo tree saplings are planted.
Representing the British Maha Bodhi Society, B. L. Boughton offers Rs. 10,000 as a personal donation to bring Japanese artist to paint frescoes on the walls of the vihara.
March 11, 1932. Dharmapala visits Bodh Gaya for first time in many years.
May–June 1932. Dharmapala falls ill with a chill leading to bronchitis. His condition improves in June.
December 1932. Dharmapala falls ill again, living on orange juice and three cups of Nestlé’s milk food a day.
January 16, 1933. M. Siddharta, Anunayake of Malwatte, two principals of Vidyodaya and Vidyalankara, and ten other monks give Dharmapala higher ordination. Near death, Dharmapala survives on liquid diet.
April 26, 1933. Raja Hewavitarne arrives from Colombo and summons bhikkhus to chant pirit during night until Dharmapala dies gazing at Isipatana on April 29.
Two weeks after his death, Dharmapala’s ashes are taken by train to South India, by steamship to Talaimannar, by train to Colombo, and conveyed in a procession to Maligakanda.
(Source: Steven Kemper. Rescued from the Nation: Anagarika Dharmapala and the Buddhist World. University of Chicago Press. Kindle Edition.)